What is the purpose of Karanga?
The karanga is an exchange of calls that takes place during the time a visiting group moves onto the marae or into the formal meeting area. The karanga usually indicates the start of the pōwhiri (formal welcome ceremony).
What does Karanga mean in English?
chant of welcome
What is tikanga and kawa?
What is Tikanga and Kawa? Te Reo Māori is the kawa. ... Kawa is the policy and tikanga are the procedures on how the policy is realised. To put it simply, kawa is what we do, tikanga is how we do it.
What is a haka powhiri?
1. (noun) welcome haka - ceremonial dance performed to welcome visitors. Sometimes leaves are waved by the performers as a symbol of death.
What does Koha mean?
1. (noun) gift, present, offering, donation, contribution - especially one maintaining social relationships and has connotations of reciprocity.
What is a waerea?
Manuhiri (visitors) Distant visitors are known as manuhiri tūārangi (visitors from afar). When manuhiri have never been to a particular marae before a kaumātua (elder) in the group will often perform a protective karakia or prayer known as a waerea.
What does Tangata whenua mean?
people of the land
What is Karakia mean?
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Karakia are Māori incantations and prayers, used to invoke spiritual guidance and protection. They are generally used to increase the spiritual goodwill of a gathering, so as to increase the likelihood of a favourable outcome.
What do you say in a powhiri?
Here are some words you may encounter at a pōwhiri.
- Pōwhiri - to welcome.
- Haere mai - welcome.
- Tangata Whenua - local people, hosts.
- Manuhiri - visitor.
- Wero - ritual challenge.
- Karanga - call of welcome.
- Whaikōrero - formal speech of welcome.
- Koha - gift.
Why is there Kai after a powhiri?
Today it is usually in the form of money, but in the past it would have been food or valued possessions. ... The powhiri concludes with the sharing of kai or food, called hakari. The food removes the tapu or sacredness from the manuhiri, so that the two sides may complete the coming together.
What is the entrance to a marae called?
The kūwaha or front door, along with the pare or door lintel. The paepae, the horizontal element on the ground at the front of the wharenui, acts as the threshold of the building. The marae ātea comprises a very important open space directly in front of the wharenui, and is used to welcome visitors onto the marae.
What are the stages of a powhiri?
Pōwhiri usually consists of the following stages:
- Karanga (call) This is the first and unique call of welcome in the pōwhiri. ...
- Whaikōrero (speeches) Formal speech making follows the karanga. ...
- Waiata (song) ...
- Koha (gift) ...
- Harirū (shaking hands) ...
- Kai (food)
What is a Poutokomanawa?
A poutokomanawa is a central part of a wharenui (meeting house) and represents the ancestors of that marae, hapū or iwi. The poutokomanawa is the central support/post within the wharenui and also welcomes guests into the house.
What can you not do in a marae?
Do not eat or drink during the welcome. Do not walk in front of a speaker on the marae ātea. Speak in Māori, not English, if giving a speech (unless expressly allowed). Males sit at the front on most marae, though some marae allow both women and men to sit on the front seat.
What does Pakeha mean literally?
Pakeha, which is a Maori term for the white inhabitants of New Zealand, was in vogue even prior to 1815. Its original meaning and origin are obscure, but the following are possible origins, the first being the most probable: From pakepakeha: imaginary beings resembling men. From pakehakeha: one of the sea gods.
What is tikanga best practice?
Tikanga Recommended Best Practice is primarily focused on Mäori as they reflect Mäori values and concepts. However, they can also be made available and delivered to consumers of health services regardless of ethnicity as they include best practice standards of care.
How do you visit a marae?
Before entering a marae for the first time, visitors wait outside the gate to be greeted with a karanga (formal welcome call) that invites them onto the marae grounds. Next, whaikōrero (formal speeches) can be held outside or inside the meeting house (wharenui).
What is the marae protocol?
Story: Marae protocol – te kawa o te marae. Pōwhiri, the ceremony used to welcome visitors onto the marae, was traditionally a way of finding out whether people were friends or enemies. Different marae have slightly different protocols depending on their iwi or area, but the same formal roles and structure.
What are tikanga practices?
Generally speaking, tikanga are Māori customary practices or behaviours. The concept is derived from the Māori word 'tika' which means 'right' or 'correct' so, in Māori terms, to act in accordance with tikanga is to behave in a way that is culturally proper or appropriate.
Why is the head Tapu?
Power of tapu In the past, tohunga (sacred men possessing spiritual powers) and others of high tapu would often be avoided as their tapu was so powerful that contact with them was dangerous for anyone of lower level. The head is the most sacred part of the body.
What are the principles of Whanaungatanga?
Whanaungatanga is about relationship, kinship and a sense of family connection. It is created through shared experiences and working together and provides people with a sense of belonging. It comes with rights and obligations, which serve to strengthen each member of that whānau or group.
What is the difference between Whanaungatanga and Whakawhanaungatanga?
Whakawhanaungatanga – Getting to know each other Sometimes in education settings, we use the word to talk about a process of getting to know each other. This is called whakawhanaungatanga. Whanaungatanga describes the 'glue' that holds people together in any whānau relationships.
What does Te Kotahitanga mean?
unity of purpose
What happened TE kotahitanga?
The Ministry of Education will stop funding Te Kotahitanga at the end of the year after spending more than $40 million on it over 12 years. Kerikeri High School is one of 50 schools nationwide to use the programme.
What is deficit theorising?
This deficit theorising by teachers is the major impediment to Māori students' educational achievement for it results in teachers having low expectations of Māori students. This in turn creates a downward spiralling, self-fulfilling prophecy of Māori student achievement and failure.
Is a Rāhui legal?
The imposing of rāhui by Māori iwi has no official legal standing, and penalties are not formally imposed upon anyone breaking a rāhui, but it is seen as culturally insensitive to do so, and in general all members of the public tend to respect the tradition.
What does tika Pono and Aroha mean?
pono – reality, truth, honesty, integrity, revealing reality, calss for honesty in everything that we do. tika – the principle concerned about doing things right, in the right way, in the right order. aroha – sacrifice, affection is the ultimate state of aroha, compassion, empathy, generosity, joy for others.
Why is Papatūānuku important?
Papatūānuku is the land, a mother earth figure who gives birth to all things of the world and imparts many blessings to her children. She is seen as the birthplace of all things and the place to which they return, and is considered a foundation for human action.
Is Tapu a food?
The concept of tapu prescribes where food is eaten, where it cannot be eaten, and also where drinks can and cannot be drunk. To the Māori, food is a common element (noa) and the opposite of tapu.
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