How did extension work start in the Philippines?

How did extension work start in the Philippines?

The agricultural extension in the Philippines even started during the Spanish colonization period through the establishment of the model farms or the “Granjas Modelos” that were later transformed into Settlement Farm Schools (Serrano, 1987).

Who is the father of agricultural extension?

J. P. Leagans of USA is known as the father of extension, whereas Dr. K. N. Singh is known as father of Extension in the Indian context. The teaching of extension education at undergraduate level started in the year 1950 at the College of Agriculture, Calcutta University.

What is the concept of agricultural extension?

Agricultural extension is the application of scientific research and new knowledge to agricultural practices through farmer education. ... Extension practitioners can be found throughout the world, usually working for government agencies.

What is the purpose of agricultural extension?

In a strict interpretation, the only purpose of agricultural extension is to disseminate information to raise the production and profitability of the farmers (agricultural production performance).

What are the principles of agricultural extension?

Such principles are: extension work must be based on the needs and interest of the people, extension work should be based on the knowledge, skills, belief and value of the people, extension encourages people to take action and work out their own solution to their problem, rather than receiving ready- made solution, an ...

What are the problems of agricultural extension?

The sector is faced with mirage of problems which militate against optimizing its potential. Some of the constraints include low productivity, poor marketing and distribution infrastructures, inadequate access to credit, weak extension services and inadequate database among others.

What are the methods of extension teaching?

Chart 2. Classification of extension-teaching methods according to their form
WrittenSpokenObjective or visual
Leaflets,folders,News articlesFarm & home visitsDemonstration posters
Personal lettersOfficial callsMotion-picture or movies, charts
Circular lettersTelephone calls, radioSlides & film-strips,models,exhibits

What are the goals of agricultural extension education?

In this context the objectives of Extension Education are as following: (1) To increase the net income of farmers by more production and proper marketing system. (2) To raise the standard of living of rural people. (3) Development of rural areas.

What are the goals and objectives of agricultural extension in Nigeria?

To achieve increased production and improved processing in all the sub-sectors of agriculture (crop, livestock, and fisheries), improvement of quality of life and promotion of environment friendly practices and other objectives require extension effort.

What is the concept of extension education?

 “Extension Education is a science which deals with the creation, transmission and application of knowledge designed to bring about planned changes in the behavior-complex of people, with a view to help them live better by learning the ways of improving their vocations, enterprises and institutions”.

What is the importance of extension education?

The extension workers act as guide and educate them how to use new knowledge, skills and attitudes in solving their problems. The extension education helps all classes of people men, women and youth to solve their present and future economic, social and cultural problems.

What is the role of extension?

Extension provides a critical support service for rural producers meeting the new challenges confronting agriculture: transformation in the global food and agricultural system, including the rise of supermarkets and the growing importance of standards, labels, and food safety; growth in nonfarm rural employment and ...

What is the need of extension?

The function of extension is to bring about desirable changes in human behaviour by means of education. Changes may be brought about in their knowledge, skill, attitude, understanding, goals, action and confidence. Change in knowledge means change in what people know.

What is the meaning of extension?

noun. an act or instance of extending, lengthening, stretching out, or enlarging the scope of something. the state of being extended, lengthened, or stretched out. that by which something is extended or enlarged; an addition: a four-room extension to a house.

What is extension delivery system?

The ATI is the extension and training arm of the Philippine Department of Agriculture, mandated to train agricultural extension workers and their beneficiaries and lead in the delivery of e-extension services for agriculture and fisheries.

What are extension activities?

An extension activity is an activity that extends the learning of the lesson. Extension activities can be done in small groups or by a single student. ... For struggling students these activities can be a reinforcing skill activities.

What is the meaning of extension services?

An agricultural extension service offers technical advice on agriculture to farmers, and also supplies them with the necessary inputs and services to support their agricultural production. It provides information to farmers and passes to the farmers new ideas developed by agricultural research stations.

What are the 7 E's?

So what is it? The 7 Es stand for the following. Elicit, Engage, Explore,Explain, Elaborate, Extend and Evaluate. ... In this stage you want to engage interest and curiosity, raise “The BIG questions” and introduce new learning through teacher explanation modelling.

How do you extend a lesson?

  1. 10 Strategies for Extending the Learning.
  2. Help Children See Themselves as Thinkers. ...
  3. Respond to Curiosity. ...
  4. Use Mirror Talk. ...
  5. Have Conversations. ...
  6. Inspire Imaginative Play. ...
  7. Solve Problems Together. ...
  8. Use Rich Vocabulary.

How do you extend students in the classroom?

With the following strategies, teachers can tend to the complex needs of their high-ability students in the heterogeneous classroom.

  1. Offer the Most Difficult First. ...
  2. Pre-Test for Volunteers. ...
  3. Prepare to Take It Up. ...
  4. Speak to Student Interests. ...
  5. Enable Gifted Students to Work Together. ...
  6. Plan for Tiered Learning.

How do you extend play in early years?

Being creative and using your imagination to help extend activities can provide children with further learning opportunities. As some children absorb and internalize information in different ways it is important to provide children with the opportunities to allow them to develop skills the same way as other children.

How can we help gifted and talented students in the classroom?

Find out how you can better support the gifted students in your classroom below!

  1. Learn how gifted students think. ...
  2. Created tiered assignments for students. ...
  3. Include a variety of levels in your classroom library. ...
  4. Utilize their talents and interests. ...
  5. Explore real-word application. ...
  6. Additional Resources.

How do you motivate gifted students?

Strategies for Promoting Motivation in Gifted Learners

  1. Provide choices to increase motivation.
  2. Establish long- and short-term goals.
  3. Give pre-tests to ensure students are encountering new material.
  4. Teach students to be organized so they know what teachers expect of them.

How do you motivate an underachieving gifted student?

How to Motivate Your Gifted Child

  1. Nurture Your Child's Interests. ...
  2. Expose Your Child to New Ideas and Areas. ...
  3. Use Short-Term Goals and Rewards. ...
  4. Help Your Child Learn to Manage Time. ...
  5. Help Your Child Take Control. ...
  6. Praise Your Child's Efforts. ...
  7. Keep a Positive Attitude About School.

Why do gifted students struggle in school?

Attention and Organization Issues Many gifted children struggle with attention problems and organization skills because they can be abstract thinkers and get bored easily. Education experts have found that it's more common for boys to be disorganized and distracted.

Why do I struggle in school?

Here are a few of the top reasons that students struggle in school: Boredom – It's not that students can't do an assignment, but that they are bored by it. ... Self-advocacy – In some cases, students feel like they aren't in control of their lives, which affects their ability to concentrate and perform in class.

Is being gifted a disability?

Current US research suggests that 14% of children who are identified as being intellectually gifted may also have a learning disability. This is compared to about 4% of children in the general population. ... Teachers are not trained in identifying these children or how to teach them so they can reach their full potential.

Why is my gifted child so angry?

In my experience, anger in gifted children is often fueled by anxiety, a common byproduct of various overexcitabilities. And if anxiety triggers a fight-or-flight response, some gifted children are going to fight.

What is gifted kid syndrome?

The term “gifted kid syndrome” is essentially this. It is every child who was raised with constant praise and higher-achieving than others when they were young. It is every child who grew up, found themselves amongst other high-achieving students, and failed to adapt.