What are features of Clifford Constitution?

What are features of Clifford Constitution?


  • The introduction of elective principle.
  • It encouraged the development of political parties.
  • Members in the legislative council were increased (46 members).
  • Elective principle was restricted to Lagos and Calabar.
  • Northern Province was not represented.

What is the difference between Clifford and Richard Constitution?

Unlike Richard constitution, Macperson constitution created central executive council and appointed the natives as ministers. The powers of the regions were by delegation according to the provision of the Richard constitution, whereas the powers were more of devolution as provided in the Macpherson.

What are the merits of Clifford Constitution?

Merits Of the Clifford Constitution

  • The Clifford constitution brought the elective principle into Nigeria which paved way for elective representation of Nigerians.
  • It spurred the formation of parties with the interests of Nigerians and increased Nationalism.

Who introduced the elective principle?

In 1922, Sir Clifford introduced the first formal constitution for the country. The main features of the constitution were: Introduction of the first elective principle in Nigeria and in West Africa.

Who introduced elective principle in Nigeria?

Sir Clifford

What are the main features of Clifford Constitution of 1922?

Main Features of the Clifford Constitution Of 1922

  • Elective principle to elect the desired person into the Legislative council. ...
  • All colonial governors were to report to the Secretary of State for colonies who was a cabinet minister in Britain.
  • The Executive council was an all- European council.

What is elective principle?

Pertaining or relating to or consisting in the choice or right of choosing by vote: as, the elective principle in government; the elective franchise. Exerting the power of choice.

What is Richard Constitution?

The 1946 Richards Constitution came into existence as a result of the weakness of the 1922 Clifford constitution. The constitution was put together by the Governor of Nigeria between 1935 and 1946, Sir Bernard Bardilon, but was named after Sir Arthur Richard who succeeded him.

What is type of constitution?

CodifiedIn single act (document)Most of the world (first: United States)
UncodifiedFully written (in few documents)San Marino, Israel, Saudi Arabia
Partially unwritten (see constitutional convention)Canada, New Zealand, United Kingdom

What are the six types of constitution?

Different Types of Constitution

  • Codified, Uncodified, Flexible and Inflexible Constitutions. ...
  • Monarchical and Republican Constitutions. ...
  • Presidential and Parliamentary Constitutions. ...
  • Federal and Unitary Constitutions. ...
  • Political and Legal Constitutions. ...
  • CASES. ...

What are the four types of constitution?

Types of Constitution

  • Written and Unwritten Constitutions.
  • Codified and Uncodified Constitutions.
  • Flexible and Inflexible Constitutions.
  • Monarchy and Republican Constitutions.
  • Presidential and Parliamentary Constitutions.
  • Federal and Unitary Constitutions.
  • Political and Legal Types of Constitution.

What are disadvantages of Constitution?

Disadvantages of a rigid constitution include: It doesn't keep pace with the fast-changing social environment. It hinders the process of social development because of its inability to change easily. It is a source of hindrance during emergencies.

Which country has no written constitution?

Saudi Arabia: Saudi Arabia has no legally binding written constitution. In 1960, King Faisal declared the Quran to be the constitution.

What are the three types of constitution?


  • Written Constitution: These are the laws of the country that are found in a single document (book) at a particular time. ...
  • Unwritten constitution: This is when all the important law of a country are found in many documents (but not in a single document).

What is the difference between written and unwritten constitution?

A Constitution that has been systematically and meticulously written down and embodied in a single document is known as a Written Constitution....Difference Between Written and Unwritten Constitution.
Unwritten ConstitutionWritten Constitution
The judiciary has limited powersThe Judiciary has more power in order to ensure constitutional supremacy

What are some examples of unwritten constitution?

The Unwritten Constitution

  • The Cabinet - George Washington's first task as President of the United States was to appoint Secretaries (heads) of each of the executive departments. ...
  • The Electoral College Promise - When the Electoral College originally voted it was on its own.

What does unwritten law mean?

: law based chiefly on custom rather than legislative enactments.

Is written constitution flexible?

On the basis of its physical form, a constitution can be classified into written and unwritten. 2. On the basis of the amendment procedure (procedure for making changes to the Constitution), a Constitution can be classified into rigid and flexible.

What are the 5 key features of the Constitution?

8 Important Features of Indian Constitution

  • World's Longest Constitution. ...
  • Taken from various sources. ...
  • Federal System with Unitary Features. ...
  • Parliamentary Form of Government. ...
  • Balance between the Sovereignty of Parliament and Judicial Supremacy. ...
  • Independent and Integrated Judicial System. ...
  • Directive Principles of State Policy. ...
  • Combination of rigidity and flexibility.

What are the qualities of a good constitution?

7 Essential Qualities of a Good Constitution

  • (1) Clarity or Definiteness: ...
  • (2) Brevity: ...
  • (3) Comprehensiveness: ...
  • (4) Flexibility: ...
  • (5) Declaration of rights: ...
  • (6) Independence of Judiciary: ...
  • (7) Directive Principles of State Policy:

Which is the best example of flexible constitution?

The constitution of Britain is a classic example of a flexible constitution. The Parliament in Britain is sovereign. Here, There is no law which parliament cannot make.

What is difference between rigid and flexible constitution?

A flexible constitution is one that can be amended in an ordinary legislative process by the ordinary legislature. Constitutional law and ordinary law are treated alike. A rigid constitution is one that cannot be amended, in the manner in which ordinary laws are passed, amended or repealed.

Which country's constitution is flexible?

The United Kingdom's

Is our Constitution rigid or flexible?

Rigidity and Flexibility: The Constitution of India is neither rigid nor flexible. A Rigid Constitution means that the special procedures are required for its amendments whereas a Flexible Constitution is one in which the constitution can be amended easily.

What are the features of our Constitution?

Features of the Indian Constitution

  • The bulkiest constitution of the world.
  • Rigidity and flexibility. ...
  • Parliamentary system of government. ...
  • Federal system with a unitary bias. ...
  • Fundamental rights and fundamental duties. ...
  • Directive principles of state policy. ...
  • Secularism. ...
  • Independent judiciary.

Why Indian Constitution is flexible and rigid?

Answer: Indian Constitution is both rigid and flexible, because the procedure of amendment is neither easy nor difficult. The Constitution has provided a federal structure for India. ... Amendments can be made only with the consent of both the Centre and the States.

Is Indian Constitution is flexible or rigid?

Indian Constitution strikes a balance between the rigidity and flexibility. Some of its features can be amended by ordinary procedure for e.g. abolition or creation of Legislative Councils. Some of the amendments are made by special majority or special majority plus with ratification by half of the States.